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November 6 2010 7 06 /11 /November /2010 18:31

Bible Truth


Unless otherwise noted, all scripture quotations are from the King James Version.



After reciting the beatitudes in the Sermon on the Mount, the Lord tells His disciples in Matthew 5:13, “Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.”


The Lord calls His disciples in this verse the “salt of the earth”, but in this same verse, He says that the salt can be dispelled, and then it will be good for nothing, but to be cast out into the street and be trodden under the foot of men. Thus it was in the old ages; the salt that lost its flavor when it was exposed to the elements was thrown into the street and used as a pavement or layer of the land. Nevertheless, the pure salt never lost its savor.


The interesting thing is to see that here the Lord compares His disciples to the “salt of the earth.” But the question is: How is it that we are salted or prepared to come to be salt in a figurative sense?


The answer is found in Mark 9:49 where it is recorded, “For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt.


The answer that the Lord Jesus, Himself, gives us is that WE ARE SALTED WITH FIRE.


In this verse, the Lord says that every sacrifice will be salted with salt. In the days of the Levitical priesthood, all the tributes of grains, the sacrifices, and holocausts were salted with salt so they could be accepted by the Lord. Leviticus 2:13 says, “And every oblation of thy meat- offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant\of thy God to be lacking from thy meat-offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.” Also read Ezekiel 43:23-24. Salt cleans, purifies, gives flavor and represents a pact with God. In Mark 9:49, the Lord says, in a figurative sense, that all our sacrifices should be salted with salt. The Apostle Paul tells us in the New Testament that we should offer ourselves a living sacrifice. “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service” (Romans 12:1). Therefore, if we offer ourselves to God in a holy and living sacrifice, we should be seasoned with salt, and the Lord says in Mark 9:49 that the only way to be salted is through fire.


This fire represents the sacrifice by which we go through when we confront the daily trials and tribulations as children of God, according to the example or faith of our Lord Jesus Christ. The ones who reject the sacrifice and opt for disobedience, or for the easy way, do not suffer the trials and tribulations. They will never be seasoned with the salt that is pleasant to God. Let’s remember that John the Baptist said that we will be baptized with the Holy Ghost (Spirit) and with fire by the Lord Jesus Christ.


Matthew 3:11 says, “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost [Spirit], and with fire.” Therefore, if we have accepted the Lord Jesus Christ as our personal Savior, we should be baptized with His fire to be prepared with His salt. We have to go through the fire of trials and tribulations to be seasoned with salt, so that our faith can be refined more than gold and be found worthy in the appearing of the Lord. I Peter 1:6-7 says, “Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ.”


When we are exposed to the adversities of life, we should face them according to the counsel of the Word of God and the example of the Lord Jesus Christ. We should not fall into the human tendency of abandoning that way and let our salt be dispelled because the verse says, “...but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.”


We have many enemies that trouble and oppress us, and try to offend us. There are many that want our salt to be dispelled and to see us humiliated and trampled upon in the street like the salt that has lost its savor. However, the Lord has placed in front ofus the principles to follow to be triumphant.


In Matthew 5:38-41, the Lord says, “Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.”


In the past, the law was an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. However, the Lord expresses the principle which should govern us today. The command is not to return evil for evil, neither to appear as fools showing only a degrading or irrational attitude. We recall that, as children of God, we should present our bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is our reasonable service according to Romans 12:1. There should be good judgment in doing this, and the good judgment makes us children of God. The law, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, recorded in the Old Testament (Exodus 21:24- 25;Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:2 1), known as the law of vengeance limited the retribution that the transgressor had to pay. By striking someone who strikes, the issue is concluded. The offense, or the aggression, only causes more hatred and offenses. On the other hand, if we use a passive attitude, it is possible that the offender will recognize his fault and repent. If he does not, the Lord will judge him with His justice, because His Word says, “Vengeance is mine; Twill repay, saith the Lord.”


As well as this command, the Lord gives us principles to combat everything that can cause us danger, trials or tribulations. For example, if there is need for material things, He tells us, “Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you” (Matthew 6:31-33).


We should not offend, and no one should offend us. The Lord Jesus makes strong statements against offenses. In Mark 9:42 and following, the Lord says that no one should offend us or put a barrier in front of us to cause us to fall. Still, He tells us to remove from us everything that can cause our salt to be dispelled. Please read up to verse



The trial, or baptism of fire, with which we have to be seasoned, is always there, inside and outside of church. However, we should confront it and go through with it to be salted with fire so that our sacrifice can be acceptable before God. The Lord Jesus went through with it to the death, and He came out triumphant. His sacrifice was a sacrifice seasoned with salt. What about us? Can we be baptized with the baptism with which He was baptized? Can we drink from the same cup from which He drank? Can we also be seasoned or salted with fire? Dear reader, what do you say? The Lord says, “For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt” (Mark 9:49).


“Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will ye season it? Have salt in yourselves, AND HAVE PEACE ONE WITH ANOTHER” (Mark 9:50).


From “The Advocate of Truth”. September 27, 2010.


The Church of God - Publishing House - Salem, West Virginia

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October 30 2010 7 30 /10 /October /2010 20:39

Bible Truth


Unless otherwise noted, all scripture quotations are from the King James Version.


The Gospels tell us that Jesus was “Pressed” with everyday concerns.


“I will have two orders of chicken, a hamburger, and french fries,” I said to the voice on the phone.


“All right,” the voice responded, “But it will take about half an hour, we are kinda busy now.”


Deciding it was worth the wait, I tried to make good use of the half hour. When I drove up to the drive-in window, I immediately understood why they were so busy. Three large busses were parked in the back. Young men in uniforms were everywhere. It was an invasion of service men moving from one place to another and, they were having a stop-over for a meal. Still the most vivid scene came when I got out of the car. The people working inside were moving at an unbelievable pace. They seemed to be frantic. Suffering was on the face of some of the help.


Is this not an analogy of modem living? Pressure seems to be a principal characteristic of our time. Our jobs, our families, outside activities, and a thousand other responsibilities stand in line, impatiently waiting for us. Apparently we do not dare slow down for a minute. Yet, do we dare keep going as we are?


According to doctors and researchers, stress can produce some very harmful effects, both physical and emotional. The heart and nervous system are particularly vulnerable. There are people occupying hospital beds with all sorts of maladies that stem from their difficulty in handling pressure.


Anxiety-filled people can easily pass on their stress to those around them, says Dr. Robert Amstadter, medical director of the Center for Psychological Growth and Development in Tustin, California.


Stress can have equally devastating effects on young and old alike. Often it brings out the worst in young and older people. One of two things usually happens. They may panic, the youngsters may have irrational fears, which make matters worse, or they may become depressed. Many turn to escape mechanisms that can do more harm than good. Many parents give their children mild forms of tranquillizers and give themselves more powerful ones. All this is dangerous, when youth and adults depend on pills. The most effective way of handling stress is Jesus’ way. Superficially, Jesus’ life may seem irrelevant to our modern-day pressures. After all, is not this a radically different world than what it was two thousand years ago? True, but it would be hard to conceive of anyone facing more pressure than Jesus did.




The Bible describes how the crowds continually “pressed” around Jesus and His disciples (see Luke 8:42). Many of these people had needs. They were desperately wanting Jesus to take care of them. Some had severe physical problems. Others cried out for spiritual help. The enemies of Jesus were continually causing stress in Jesus’ life. They tried to trick Him with loaded questions, false accusations and other devices they could to discredit Him. Ultimately they sought ways to kill Him.


Another group was interested in using Jesus politically. After all, a man who could perform miracles could very easily destroy the yoke of Romanism that held down the children of Israel. Jesus keenly felt the pressure from them to further their aims.


Jesus faced great pressure from spiritual sources. Satan’s temptations were as real to Him as they are to us. Jesus knew that His Father expected Him to be the Lamb of God. He knew that His work here on earth was not an entirely enviable task. It meant sacrifices to give His body as the true sacrifice. His life shows us today how we should act under stress. It helps to know how Jesus handled pressure, just as it helps us to know what He said and how He loved.


One day, in the life of Jesus, He asked the disciples to take Him across the Sea of Galilee. Jesus had been speaking to the people from the ship and now He went in to the hinder part of the ship and relaxed and fell asleep. And there arose a “great storm and the waves beat into the ship so that the ship was being filled with water.” Jesus was in the hinder part of the ship “asleep on a pillow.” The disciples had to wake up Jesus. They were in stress and believed they would drown. “Master, carest thou not that we perish?” Jesus arose and rebuked the wind and the waves. There was a great calm. And Jesus said to His disciples, “Why are ye so fearful?” Why are the disciples so full of stress? “They feared exceedingly.” In other words they all were full of pressure. They thought they had reached the end of their lives. And Jesus was so calm. He asked the disciples, “how is it that ye have no faith?” (See Mark 4:35-41). “So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God” (Romans 10:17). It is faith that will remove pressure and stress.


One thing that should be learned from the life of Jesus is that He never panicked. In spite of the great demands placed upon Him, He refused to do so. Jesus possessed an inner calmness in every situation. Even when He was captured by His enemies in the Garden of Gethsemane, He was the calmest person there. His disciples were panicky. His captors were unsure of themselves. Even Judas hesitated to kiss Jesus. Think about it. Throughout His earthly ministry, Jesus was never in a hurry. There were so many things Jesus knew that needed to be done, yet he had to accept the limitations of one living in the flesh. He did one thing at a time. There are often several different directions that one should be going. But getting in a hurry can be self defeating, as well. The person who tries to run faster than his legs can carry him will end up falling all over himself.


Just as Jesus refused to panic, He refused the route of escape as a response to His pressure. At the very outset of His ministry, He entered into a head on confrontation with Satan, the tempter. From there, a needy and sinful world was awaiting Him. When He knew He must journey to Jerusalem, which meant almost certain death, He turned toward that city and strode ahead of the disciples (Mark 10:32). Even as He considered the prospect of death, He prayed, “Not my will, but thy will be done.”


Escape is no solution to stress. Inevitably, it causes pressure to increase. This is not to say that a rest cannot be helpful. Jesus took time to rest. There is a certain point, however, when resting turns into escaping. Once our need for rest has been satisfied, responsibilities must be faced once again. Jesus’ practice of getting away to pray was vastly different from an escape. Some common escapes are drugs, alcohol, or just ignoring matters. The trouble with this is that they do not do anything about solving their problems. They are only temporary in their effects. Moreover, if one depends too heavily on them, he becomes helpless in the face of reality.


Prayer on the other hand, leads to renewal. When Jesus prayed, He returned to His responsibilities with new strength and vitality. He prayed and it made Him better prepared to face the pressure or stress. Jesus gave prayer a high priority. Even when He was being pressed upon by the many demands of the people, He took time to pray. His example shows us that the benefits to be gained through prayer adequately compensate for the time spent. There are at least three positive results from prayer that helped Jesus handle stress.


First, prayer gave Jesus confidence. There were times when He had every reason to feel discouraged. Few people really understood Him. Even His own disciples had difficulty in comprehending Jesus’ purpose. How could His mission be fulfilled when so much was working against Him? Prayer renewed His confidence. In His moments alone with His Father, Jesus obtained a surer grasp of who He was. He was the Son of God. We should receive the same assurance. We are children of God also. God was using His Son, Jesus, and He wants to use you, His son and daughter, too. This is His plan and His purpose on earth until His Son returns again.


Second, prayer also furnished Jesus with perspective. It helped Him to “see it as it is.” Trivial things can sometimes appear more important than they really are. Inconsequential matters posed no threat to Jesus’ vision--what really mattered. Communion with God helped Him keep things in proper form.


The third benefit Jesus gained from prayer was healing. Doctors claim the mental strain is harder on us than physical strain. Furthermore, mental strain affects the body. For Jesus, prayer must have been a time of letting go before His Father. The strains and stresses could ease. In God’s healing presence, He found rest and satisfaction.


Jesus’ prayer life was an integral part to His relationship with His Father. Everyone’s prayer life must also be centered on God our heavenly Father. That relationship between you and the Father in Heaven is the key to your ability to handle stress. Because of Christ’s absolute trust in His Father, He was able to live a pressure-filled life without panicking or giving in to depression. This is a must for all of us. Trust in God. We all must have an affirmative response to the will of God. It is thus compounded of belief and trust, with an attitude that we completely rely upon our Father. Jesus could have been overcome--but He overcame. Jesus said that what He did we should do also. “...and this is the victory that overcometh the world...” (I John 5:4).


From “The Advocate of Truth”. November 22, 2010.


The Church of God - Publishing House - Salem, West Virginia

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September 13 2010 2 13 /09 /September /2010 07:22

Hebrew Yahveh


Sauf précision, tous les passages tirés des Saintes Écritures sont extraits de la Version Ostervald révisée édition de 1996.


Jérémie 17 : 5

« Ainsi a dit l’Éternel : Maudit est l’homme qui se confie en l’homme, et qui de la chair fait son bras, et dont le cœur se retire de l’Éternel ! »


Occasionnellement, un trinitaire soutiendra que Jésus ne peut pas être un homme parce qu’il est attendu de nous que nous ayons confiance en Jésus, alors que nous ne devrions pas placer notre confiance en l’homme. Une telle compréhension de cet extrait des Écritures ne rend pas justice au message que veut faire passer ce verset. Un verset doit toujours être lu dans son intégrité et dans son contexte afin que soit compris son véritable contenu. Le contexte immédiat du verset révèle qu’une personne est maudite si elle se confie en l’homme et si, dans le même temps, son cœur s’éloigne de Dieu. Mais notre cœur ne se retire pas de Dieu lorsque nous plaçons notre confiance en Son Fils Jésus.  Bien au contraire, « celui qui n’honore pas le Fils n’honore pas le Père » (Jean 5 : 23). Dieu est celui qui fît de Jésus à la fois notre Seigneur et la Tête de l’Église. De fait, nos cœurs se retireraient de Dieu si nous n’avions pas confiance en Jésus. La même logique s’applique pour d’autres serviteurs de Dieu. Le peuple n’était pas maudit lorsqu’il suivait Moïse, ou Josué, ou David, et qu’il avait confiance en ce que ces hommes lui disaient, car, ces hommes qu’il suivait, agissaient au nom de Dieu. Exode 14 : 31 nous dit que le peuple avait confiance en Dieu et en Moïse. Le mari d’une femme vertueuse est béni lorsqu’il se confie en sa femme, car comme il est écrit en Proverbes 31 : 11, « Le cœur de son mari se confie en elle » (version Darby). La vérité ne se révèle pas  à la lecture d’une partie d’un verset tout en ignorant son contexte. La Bible toute entière constitue la Parole de Dieu, et elle doit être utilisé d’une manière sainte et respectueuse, avec diligence et dignité et en prêtant attention au contexte tout entier. Se saisir d’une partie d’un verset et forcer cette partie des écritures afin de lui donner un sens qui ne s’accorde pas au contexte général, seulement avant de défendre une certaine théologie, ne constitue jamais une méthode d’exégèse appropriée.


Jérémie 23 : 6

« Et voici le nom dont on l’appellera : l’Éternel notre justice. »


Lorsqu’une personne est « appelée » d’une certaine façon, cela ne signifie pas qu’elle est littéralement ce par quoi elle est appelée. Jérusalem est également appelé « l’Éternel notre justice » (Jérémie 33 : 16), et de toute évidence, Jérusalem n’est pas Dieu. Abraham appela la montagne, sur laquelle il s’apprêtait auparavant à sacrifier Isaac, « Jéhova-jiré (l’Éternel y pourvoira) » (Genèse 22 : 14). Personne ne croit pour autant que cette montagne puisse être littéralement Yahvé. De la même manière, nul n’admettrait qu’un autel puisse être Yahvé, et ceci même si Moïse le nomme de la façon suivante : « Et Moïse bâtit un autel et le nomma : l’Éternel mon étendard (Jéhovah-nissi) » (Exode 17 : 15). Plus tard, Gédéon construisit lui aussi un autel et l’appela Yahvé : «  Et Gédéon bâtit là un autel à l’Éternel, et l’appela JÉHOVA-SHALOM (l’Éternel-Paix). Il existe encore aujourd’hui à Ophra des Abiézérites » (Juges 6 : 24) .Ces versets prouvent de façon conclusive que ce n’est pas parce que le nom d’une chose ou d’une quelconque  personne contient le titre de Yahvé, que cette chose ou cette personne est Yahvé.


Le Messie est appelé (et non pas est) « l’Éternel notre justice », parce que le Dieu Tout Puissant accomplie Sa justice au travers de Son oint, Jésus le Christ. La cité de Jérusalem est également appelé « l’Éternel notre justice », parce que Dieu y accomplira Sa justice, et que cette justice de Dieu se répandra à travers le monde entier (Pour en savoir plus sur les « noms » et « appellations », se référer aux notes en Matthieu 1 : 23).


Michée 5 : 2

« Mais toi, Bethléhem Éphrata, qui es petite entre les milliers de Juda, de toi sortira celui qui doit être dominateur en Israël. Ses origines sont d’ancienneté, dès les jours éternels. »


« Origines » signifie littéralement « provenant de », suggérant donc un commencement ou une naissance, ainsi le verset nous dit que la naissance du Messie était prédéterminé, ou fixé, de toute éternité. Au contraire du Messie qui a une origine, le vrai Dieu est sans origine.


Les Juifs de l’antiquité lisaient ce verset et réalisaient qu’il parlait de la naissance et du lieu de naissance du Messie.  Que le Messie devait naître à Bethléhem, est l’un des quelques détails que les Juifs du temps de Jésus avaient bien compris concernant sa venue (Matthieu 2 : 3-6). Et pourtant, de tout ces Juifs qui ont lu, étudié et compris ce verset, il n’est aucune mention que l’un d’entre eux ait compris à la lecture de ce passage que Jésus devait être « Dieu incarné ».     


Le contexte en Michée permet de comprendre clairement que le « dominateur » sortant de Bethléhem ne sera pas Dieu. Ce dominateur devait naître et avoir des « frères » (verset 3). Les Juifs n’ont jamais pensé que Dieu puisse naître, et l’idée que le Créateur des cieux et de la terre puisse avoir des frères est tout à fait absurde pour eux. Ces versets parlent du roi oint par Dieu, et les Écritures déclare non pas que ce dominateur sera Dieu, mais bien plutôt que Yahvé sera « son Dieu » (verset 4). Ainsi, le texte de Michée est clair : un enfant devait naître à Bethléhem et les Israélites devaient être ses frères, mais il devait grandir jusqu’à délivrer et gouverner la nation avec la force de Yahvé son Dieu.

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September 10 2010 6 10 /09 /September /2010 14:36



Sauf précision, tous les passages tirés des Saintes Écritures sont extraits de la Version Ostervald révisée édition de 1996. 


« […] car bientôt je dormirai dans la poussière ; et si tu me cherches [le matin], je ne [serai] plus » (Job 7 : 21 version Martin 1744)


« La Résurrection » 


Le Don du Sommeil

(Le Repos au Tombeau) 


« La mort des bien-aimés de lÉternel est précieuse à ses yeux » (Psaume 116:15).


En Psaume 127:2, nous lisons que celui qui est mort dans le Seigneur est appelé « son bien-aimé ». 


Dieu aime tous les êtres humains. Cependant, Dieu affectionne tout particulièrement ceux qui lui obéissent et qui écoutent Sa voix (telle qu’elle s’exprime au travers de la Bible). Ils sont les enfants de Dieu. Ils occupent une place spéciale dans le cœur de Dieu. Ainsi, ils ressusciteront en un moment spécial prévu pour eux.


 « Heureux et saint celui qui a part à la première résurrection! La seconde mort na point de pouvoir sur eux; mais ils seront sacrificateurs de Dieu et de Christ, et régneront avec lui mille ans » (Apocalypse 20:5-6).


Il fut demandé à Jean de continuer à écrire concernant les bénédictions que recevront ceux qui sont endormis en Christ Jésus. 


« Écris : Heureux dès à présent les morts qui meurent dans le Seigneur! Oui, dit lEsprit, car ils se reposent de leurs travaux, et leurs œuvres les suivent » (Apocalypse 14:13).


Jésus parla aux parents d’une jeune fille qui venait de mourir. Ces parents étaient si désespérés par la mort de cette enfant. Notez bien ce que Jésus leur dit :


« elle dort » (Marc 5:38-39).


L’apôtre Paul nous décrit la mort comme étant un « sommeil » : 


« Or, mes frères, je ne veux point que vous ignoriez ce qui regarde ceux qui DORMENT, afin que vous ne soyez point attristés comme les autres qui nont point d'espérance […] ceux qui sont morts en Christ ressusciteront premièrement »  (1 Thessaloniciens 4:13 et 16 version Martin 1744).


Dans ce passage encore nous lisons au sujet du don gracieux de la première résurrection qu’accorde Dieu aux fidèles.


LÉtat des Morts


La doctrine concernant l’état des morts s’avère très simple lorsque l’on laisse la Bible s’exprimer d’elle-même. Quand l’être humain confond sa propre interprétation avec les clairs enseignements bibliques, alors ce qui était simple devient compliqué. La raison pour laquelle l’être humain interprète de manière différente la doctrine concernant l’état des morts s’explique par le désir de l’homme de ne pas mourir. La Bible déclare pourtant :


« […] il est réservé aux hommes de mourir une fois, et après cela vient le jugement » (Hébreux 9:27).


La croyance la plus populaire concernant l’état des morts est celle qui consiste à penser que l’être humain, ou une certaine partie de l’être humain, survit à la mort et s’en va soit au ciel soit en enfer. Une autre superstition populaire est la croyance en l’existence d’un purgatoire, endroit où certains morts expieraient leurs fautes pour un certain laps de temps. En tant qu’étudiants de la Bible nous devons scruter les Écritures afin de nous assurer de la véracité de ces doctrines.




Une question importante à laquelle nous nous devons de répondre est la suivante : Qu’est-ce que « lâme » au juste ? Considérons la Création - lorsque Dieu créa Adam de la poussière du sol. Le corps d’Adam était totalement créé et était étendu là, sur le sol, rien ne manquait si ce n’est une seule chose : la vie. Adam était ainsi une ÂME MORTE, car comme il est écrit : 


« Et lÉternel Dieu forma lhomme de la poussière de la terre, et souffla dans ses narines une respiration de vie; et lhomme devint une ÂME VIVANTE » (Genèse 2:7).


Si l’on se rapporte aux Écritures, la seule chose qui manquait à l’être humain après sa création et qui lui fut donné, ce fut « le souffle de vie ». En recevant ce souffle de vie, l’âme morte devint une âme vivante. Par conséquent, lorsqu’une personne meurt cette personne devient une âme morte parce que le souffle de vie lui a été enlevé.


Dans les Écritures, le terme « âme » peut désigner les sentiments et les pensées de l’être humain. Cela est évident lorsque nous lisons : 


« […] lâme de Jonathan fut liée à lâme de David [...] »  (1 Samuel 18:1). 


Ces deux hommes, Jonathan et David, étaient très proches l’un de l’autre, de cœur et d’esprit.


Il n’est nulle part affirmé dans les Écritures que l’âme peut constituer une partie consciente de l’homme, laquelle quitterait le corps après la mort pour aller au ciel et être ainsi avec Dieu. Cette croyance trouve son origine uniquement dans l’imagination humaine. Qu’en est-il de l’âme immortelle dont parlent certaines personnes ? Que devrions-nous en penser ? Lorsque nous scrutons les Écritures, nous ne trouvons aucune mention faite d’une âme immortelle qui existerait à l’intérieur de l’être humain.  L’idée d’une âme immortelle à l’intérieur de l’homme ne trouve aucun support dans la Bible. Les seuls êtres dans toute la création qui possèdent cette immortalité sont notre Père Céleste et Son Fils Jésus Christ, qui reçu l’immortalité du Père.


« Que doit manifester en son temps le bienheureux et seul Souverain, le Roi des rois, et le Seigneur des seigneurs, QUI SEUL POSSÈDE LIMMORTALITÉ […] »  (1 Timothée 6:15-16).


Le roi David écrit :


« Mais Dieu rachètera mon âme [corps] de la main du Sépulcre, quand il me prendra à lui » (Psaume 49:15). 


David prophétise encore et déclare :


« Car tu nabandonneras pas mon âme au Sépulcre; tu ne permettras point que ton saint voie la corruption » (Psaume 16:10). 


L'apôtre Pierre écrit au sujet de cette prophétie de David et nous apprend que celle-ci s’applique à la mort et à la résurrection de Jésus (voir Actes 2:27).  Pierre alla jusqu’à déclarer :


« Hommes frères, il est permis de vous dire avec assurance, quant au patriarche David, qu’il est mort, et qu’il a été enseveli, et que son sépulcre est encore aujourdhui parmi nous […] Prévoyant cela, il dit de la résurrection du Christ, que son âme ne serait point laissée dans lenfer [sépulcre], et que sa chair ne verrait point la corruption » (Actes 2:29, 31). 


Nous apprenons aussi de ces versets que David n’est pas monté au ciel. Le passage mentionne que seul la chair de Jésus Christ ne vît pas la corruption. Nous apprenons également :


« Or personne nest monté au ciel, que celui qui est descendu du ciel, savoir, le Fils de lhomme qui est dans le ciel » (Jean 3:13).


Élie et Énoch


« Lorsque lÉternel enleva Élie aux cieux dans un tourbillon, Élie et Élisée venaient de Guilgal […] Et comme ils continuaient leur chemin et sentretenaient en marchant, voici, un char de feu, et des chevaux de feu les séparèrent lun de lautre. Et Élie monta aux cieux dans un tourbillon » (2 Rois 2 : 1, 11). 


Ces passages des Écritures sont utilisés par ceux qui défendent la doctrine erronée selon laquelle certains se rendent au ciel directement après leur mort. En vérité, Élie fut simplement transporté d’un endroit à un autre. En effet, dix ans après que soit advenu cet évènement, la Bible nous rapporte :


« Alors il lui [au roi Joram] vint un écrit de la part dÉlie, le prophète […] » (2 Chroniques 21:12). 


Si Élie avait été au ciel avec Dieu, il n’aurait pas pu écrire au roi … à moins qu’un service postal n’ait existé entre le ciel et la terre.


Hénoc est un autre Enfant de Dieu qui fut transporté d’un lieu à l’autre. L’apôtre Paul nous a écrit :


« Par la foi, Hénoc fut enlevé pour qu’il ne vît point la mort, et on ne le trouva plus, parce que Dieu lavait enlevé; car avant qu’il fût enlevé, il avait obtenu le témoignage d'avoir été agréable à Dieu » (Hébreux 11 : 5). 


Le mot traduit ici par « enlevé » signifie plutôt « déplacé » ou « transporté ».  La Bible nous informe en effet :


« Tous ceux-là [incluant Elie et Hénoc] sont morts dans la foi, SANS AVOIR REÇU LES CHOSES PROMISES, mais les ayant vues de loin, crues, et embrassées, et ayant fait profession dêtre étrangers et voyageurs sur la terre » (Hébreux 11:13).


Enseigner que ces deux saints fidèles sont avec Dieu au ciel, cela est en contradiction direct avec les Saintes Écritures. Nous lisons en effet : 


« Or personne nest monté au ciel, que celui qui est descendu du ciel, savoir, le Fils de lhomme qui est dans le ciel » (John 3:13). 


Nous ne pouvons qu’en conclure qu’Élie et Hénoc ont été transportés par Dieu d’un lieu à un autre sur la Terre. Ces deux hommes moururent et sont au tombeau dans l’attente de la résurrection des saints qui prendra place à la seconde venue du Christ.


Dans la Bible, il nous est parlé de trois cieux différents. Le premier ciel est celui dans lequel se déplacent les oiseaux : il s’agit de l’atmosphère.  En Genèse nous lisons :

« Et Dieu dit : Que les eaux foisonnent dune multitude dêtres animés, et que des volatiles volent sur la terre, SUR LA FACE DE LÉTENDUE DES CIEUX » (Genèse 1:20 version Annotée Neuchâtel)


Le deuxième ciel est celui où se trouvent la lune et les étoiles.


« Quand je regarde tes CIEUX, louvrage de tes doigts, la lune et les étoiles que tu as formées » (Psaume 8:4). 


Le « troisième ciel » nous est mentionné par l’apôtre Paul lorsqu’il écrit :


« Je connais un homme en Christ, qui, il y a plus de quatorze ans, fut ravi jusqu’au TROISIÈME CIEL » (2 Corinthiens 12:2). 


Cet homme ne peut qu’être le Seigneur Jésus puisque que comme Jésus en témoigne Lui-même dans l’Évangile selon Jean :


 « Or personne nest monté au ciel, que celui qui est descendu du ciel, savoir, le Fils de lhomme qui est dans le ciel » (Jean 3:13)


Nous comprenons ainsi que le ciel vers lequel Élie et Hénoc furent enlevés n’était que le premier ciel, c’est-à-dire l’atmosphère.




Lorsqu’une personne meurt, la Bible nous parle d’elle comme si elle dormait. L’apôtre Paul écrit :


« Or, mes frères, je ne veux point que vous ignoriez ce qui regarde ceux qui dorment, afin que vous ne soyez point attristés comme les autres qui n’ont point d'espérance. Car si nous croyons que Jésus est mort, et qu’il est ressuscité ; de même aussi ceux qui dorment en Jésus, Dieu les ramènera avec lui. Car nous vous disons ceci par la parole du Seigneur, que nous qui vivrons et resterons à la venue du Seigneur, ne préviendrons point ceux qui dorment. Car le Seigneur lui-même avec un cri d’exhortation, et une voix d'Archange, et avec la trompette de Dieu descendra du Ciel ; et ceux qui sont morts en Christ ressusciteront premièrement […] C’est pourquoi consolez-vous l’un l’autre par ces paroles » (1 Thessaloniciens 4:13-16, 18 version Martin 1744).


Lorsque Job parle de la race humaine, il déclare :


« Ainsi lhomme se couche, et il ne se relève point. Tant quil y aura des cieux, ils ne se réveilleront point, et on ne les fera pas sortir de leur sommeil » (Job 14:12).


Job dit également :


« […] car bientôt je dormirai dans la poussière ; et si tu me cherches [le matin], je ne [serai] plus » (Job 7:21 version Martin 1744)


David déclare :


« Éternel, mon Dieu, regarde, exauce-moi; éclaire mes yeux, de peur que je ne mendorme du sommeil de la mort » (Psaume 13:4). 


Le Seigneur Dieu dit à Moïse :


« Et lÉternel dit à Moïse : Voici, tu ten vas dormir avec tes pères […] » (Deutéronome 31:16 version Martin 1744).


Jésus lui-même parlait de la mort comme d’un sommeil, comme nous le constatons dans le passage suivant :


« Il parla ainsi, et après il leur dit: Lazare notre ami dort; mais je vais léveiller. Ses disciples lui dirent: Seigneur, sil dort, il sera guéri. Or, Jésus avait parlé de la mort de Lazare; mais ils crurent qu’il parlait du repos du sommeil » (Jean 11:11-13).


Chaque jour de leur vie, tous les êtres humains font l’expérience de phases de sommeil. Lorsqu’une personne a bien dormi et qu’elle s’éveille, elle ne se rappelle de rien. L’esprit endormi est dans un état d’inconscience. La personne ne sait pas ce qu’il est advenu durant cette période de sommeil. Elle se réveille reposée, prête à commencer une nouvelle journée. Par cet exemple, nous prenons chaque jour conscience de ce qu’est l’état des morts.


Le Fils de Dieu en son corps charnel expérimenta le sommeil des morts. Jésus déclara qu’il devait reposer « dans le sein de la terre pour trois jours et trois nuits » (Matthieu 12:40). Jésus sut ce que c’était que de mourir et il s’en alla dormir du sommeil des morts, de la même façon que cela doit arriver à tout être humain. Durant ce sommeil de trois jours et trois nuits, le souffle de vie lui fut enlevé et ses pensées périrent. Nous comprenons cela par ce qu’en écrit David, l’auteur des Psaumes :


« Son souffle sen va, il retourne à sa terre, et en ce jour-là ses desseins périssent » (Psaume 146:4).


« Mais nous voyons couronné de gloire et dhonneur ce Jésus, qui, par la mort qu’il a soufferte, a été fait un peu inférieur aux anges, afin que par la grâce de Dieu il souffrît la mort pour tous » (Hébreux 2:9).


La Résurrection


L’espérance de tous les saints se concrétisera pleinement lors de la résurrection. Chacun des Enfants de Dieu depuis l’époque d’Adam attend le moment de la résurrection. Jésus fut le premier à être ressuscité du tombeau pour la vie éternelle. Dieu a établi un certain ordre pour les résurrections. Nous apprenons en effet qu’il y aura plusieurs résurrections. Paul écrit :


« Mais chacun en son propre rang; Christ est les prémices, ensuite ceux qui sont de Christ, à son avènement » (1 Corinthiens 15:23). 


Si nous poursuivons notre étude par la lecture de l’épître de Paul aux Thessaloniciens, nous lisons :


  « […] les morts qui sont en Christ ressusciteront premièrement » (1 Thessaloniciens 4:16).


Il est important de noter ici que les Écritures affirment que les morts ressusciteront à la seconde venue du Christ, non pas qu’ils descendront du ciel.


En ce qui concerne toute la race humaine, nous apprenons qu’il y aura deux résurrections générales, ainsi que Dieu l’a voulu dans sa toute-puissance. Les premiers à être ressuscités seront les saints de toute époque et toute période de l’histoire. Cette première résurrection aura lieu au Second Avènement de Jésus Christ :


« Car le Seigneur lui-même descendra du ciel, à un signal donné, avec une voix darchange et au son dune trompette de Dieu; et les morts qui sont en Christ ressusciteront premièrement; Ensuite, nous les vivants qui serons restés, nous serons enlevés avec eux sur des nuées, à la rencontre du Seigneur, dans les airs, et ainsi nous serons toujours avec le Seigneur » (1 Thessaloniciens 4:16-17).


Il s’agit du même événement dont nous parle Jean lorsqu’il écrit :


« Je regardai encore, et voici, il y avait une nuée blanche, et sur la nuée quelquun assis qui ressemblait au Fils de lhomme, ayant sur sa tête une couronne dor, et en sa main une faux tranchante […] Alors celui qui était assis sur la nuée, jeta sa faux sur la terre, et la terre fut moissonnée » (Apocalypse 14:14, 16). 


Il s’agit ici de la première résurrection générale de l’humanité, lorsque l’être humain sera ressuscité du tombeau pour la vie éternelle.


La seconde résurrection des morts sera celle des hommes mauvais qui vécurent au travers des âges. Tous ceux que Dieu a déclarés mauvais seront alors ressuscités et se tiendront devant Dieu pour le jugement.


« Je vis aussi les morts, grands et petits, qui se tenaient devant Dieu; et les livres furent ouverts. On ouvrit aussi un autre livre, celui qui est le livre de vie. Et les morts furent jugés selon leurs œuvres, daprès ce qui était écrit dans les livres. Et la mer rendit les morts qu’elle contenait; la mort et lenfer rendirent aussi les morts qui y étaient, et chacun fut jugé selon ses œuvres […] Et quiconque ne fut pas trouvé écrit dans le livre de vie, fut jeté dans létang de feu » (Apocalypse 20:12-13, 15).


La résurrection du corps, de laquelle Jésus bénéficia le premier, est une partie importante du témoignage que nous avons en Jésus Christ. Pour ce qui est d’aujourd’hui, les morts sont tous au tombeau. Il s’agit de l’état actuel des morts.


L’avocat spécialisé en matière pénale et de renommée mondiale, Clarence Darrow, organisa un débat avec un rabbin, un prêtre, et un pasteur concernant l’état des morts. Le sujet soulevé lors de ce débat était le suivant : « Si une personne meurt maintenant, devient-elle immortelle ? ».


Le sujet de l’immortalité a préoccupé et préoccupe toujours de nombreuses personnes. Le pasteur, lors du débat, fit montre de beaucoup d’habilité, faisant appel à de fines comparaisons et à des allégories pour défendre la théorie selon laquelle l’être humain posséderait une âme indestructible, non sujette à la mort.


Lorsque M. Darrow se leva pour se prononcer sur le débat, il déclara [traduction] : « Ces gentilshommes nutilisèrent pas une seule fois leurs Bibles afin de prouver leurs assertions, encore moins ont-ils offert des citations tirés des pages des Écritures ».


Ceux qui supposément prêchent à partir de la Bible n’ont pourtant souvent aucun texte biblique sur lequel basé leurs enseignements. Il est tout à fait normal et honnête d’admettre qu’il y a certaines choses qui sont dans la Bible « difficiles à entendre [dans le sens de comprendre] »  (2 Pierre 3:15-16).  Nous devons cependant nous rappeler qu’il n’y pas de contradictions dans les Écritures et que chaque aspects des doctrines bibliques doivent s’harmoniser. Ce qui suit est un exemple concernant ce que Jésus déclara au larron sur la croix.


Qu’en est-il du Bon Larron?


Jésus n’affirma-t-il pas au bon larron :


« En vérité, je te le dis, aujourdhui tu seras avec moi dans le paradis » (Luc 23:43 version Annotée Neuchâtel). 


Jésus mourut en ce jour même. Pour ce qui s’agit du larron, il n’est pas mort au même instant puisque les soldats durent lui casser les deux jambes afin qu’il n’échappe pas à la mort à laquelle il était condamner au calvaire (Jean 19:31-36). Il est également important de remarquer que Jésus ne s’est pas rendu au Paradis le jour même de sa mort. Le Paradis est cet endroit où se trouve la ville, la Jérusalem céleste. Jésus dit à Marie de Magdala, alors qu’il était sorti du tombeau suite à sa résurrection :


« Ne me touche point, car JE NE SUIS PAS ENCORE MONTÉ VERS MON PÈRE » (Jean 20:17). 


Que voulait donc dire Jésus par cette promesse qu’il fît au bon larron ?


Jésus affirmait simplement ceci : « Tu me demande de me rappeler de toi dans mon royaume.  Je te le dis aujourd'hui (en cette heure sombre), tu seras avec moi au paradis ». La virgule dans ce verset devrait être placée après le mot « aujourdhui », non avant. Lorsque l’apôtre Luc écrivit son évangile la ponctuation n’existait pas encore dans les écrits grecs. Cette ponctuation dans le texte biblique est un choix qui fut fait plus tard par les traducteurs modernes de la Bible. Les prêcheurs contemporains voudrait croire et nous faire croire que l’âme humaine s’en va au ciel à sa mort. Dans le cas de ce verset bien précis, la virgule n’est définitivement pas à la place qui devrait être la sienne.


Que voulait donc dire Jésus lorsqu’il déclara à Marthe, la sœur de Lazare, que celui qui croirait en lui ne mourrait jamais ? Assurément, les paroles de Jésus semblent constituer une preuve irréfutable en faveur de l’immortalité de l'âme.


Une lecture complète du texte biblique relatant la discussion qu’eut Jésus avec Marie et Marthe permet de clarifier le propos de Jésus :


« Jésus lui dit: Je suis la résurrection et la vie; celui qui croit en moi [en la résurrection] vivra, quand même il serait mort. Et quiconque vit et croit en moi, ne mourra jamais. Crois-tu cela ? » (Jean 11:25-26).


Les hommes justes et les injustes seront ressuscités. En Jean 5:24-29, nous en lisons un peu plus sur ce que Jésus nous enseigne à ce sujet : 


« En vérité, en vérité je vous le dis, le temps vient, et il est déjà venu, que les morts entendront la voix du Fils de Dieu, et que ceux qui l’auront entendue vivront. Car, comme le Père a la vie en lui-même, il a aussi donné au Fils d’avoir la vie en lui-même. Et il lui a donné le pouvoir d’exercer le jugement, parce qu’il est le Fils de l’homme. Ne soyez pas surpris de cela; car l’heure vient que tous ceux qui sont dans les sépulcres entendront sa voix, Et sortiront: savoir, ceux qui auront bien fait, en résurrection de vie; et ceux qui auront mal fait, en résurrection de condamnation »


L’être humain demanda :

« […] que dois-je faire de bien pour avoir la vie éternelle ? »

Jésus répondit :

« […] si tu veux entrer dans la vie, garde les commandements »

(Matthieu 19:16-19)


The Church of God - Publishing House - Salem, West Virginia

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September 8 2010 4 08 /09 /September /2010 13:36

Hebrew Yahveh


In the Johannine literature a certain kind of “pre-existence” does occur, which is revealed by the language of both Jesus and John himself, in expounding upon his master's teaching. It is said that Jesus is from heaven, from above, and from God. While these phrases are only a small portion of the language found to describe this certain “pre-existence”, they provide a large push in the minds of believers toward the idea that Jesus actually lived somewhere else prior to his birth and thus that he must be GOD. However, these phrases, when properly understood, do not lend necessarily any support to that idea. The misunderstanding is partially due to inconsistent Bible translation, but mostly due to a misunderstanding of Biblical language or culture.

The proper way to understand how John or Jesus uses a phrase is to look at how the John or Jesus uses the same phrase elsewhere. This is especially true concerning John's works, because unlike the synoptic writers, John expounded upon a different set of Jesus' teachings, which are heavily set in figurative language.

Of God/From God

We can find many places where Jesus is said to be from God, or sent from God.  To us, this may sound like he must have been living with God as a spirit being prior to being sent - being born as a human.  But it becomes very obvious very quickly, given a read through the book of John, that this is not the case.  Being “of God” means to have God as your source spiritually.  This is why all true believers are said to be “of God”.  And the wicked are likewise said to be “of Satan”.  This is not, of course, because they pre-existed as spirit beings with Satan, but because he is their spiritual father - their guide.  


He who is of God hears God’s words; therefore you do not hear, because you are not of God” (John 8:47).

We are of God. He who knows God hears us; he who is not of God does not hear us. By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error” (1 John 4:6). 

He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8). 

Now you may not have noticed this, because your Bible translators have been inconsistent. When referring to Jesus, they will likely say that he is “from God”, but when referring to believers, they will suddenly translate the exact same Greek phrase as “of God”.  But the Greek preposition “ek” from which “from” and “of” are translated is most naturally understood as “from”, considering that the definition of the word revolves around the source of something. 


Concerning being “sent by/from God” - many in the Bible are given this designation, including John the Baptist himself in John.

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John” (John 1:6).   


Nobody would argue that John the Baptist literally pre-existed.  


From above

We first notice that Jesus says that he is “from above”.  This phrase is rather synonymous with the aforementioned, and denotes the spiritual source of something.  This too can be verified by the way the Pharisees are said to be “from beneath”.  

You are from beneath; I am from above” (John 8:23).  


Neither being “from above” nor being “from beneath” is a literal concept, but is rather figurative language common to John's works.  Jesus is no more literally “from above”, than the Pharisees are literally "from beneath"; and likewise, those who are “born from above (John 3:3, Young's Literal Translation), are not literally pre-existent, but rather have God as their spiritual source.

From heaven

This phrase operates identically to the one above, and is used in the same way. “Heaven” was used as a sort-of substitute word for God in the first century within Judaism.  This is why Matthew says “Kingdom of heaven”, but Luke says “Kingdom of God”.  They both mean the same thing.  Being “from heaven” means the same as being “from God”.  This is why the question Jesus asks the Pharisees is worded as such:

The baptism of John—where was it from? From heaven or from men?” (Matthew 21:25).


Not from/of the world

When Jesus says that he is not from the world, he also says the same thing concerning his disciples, and his kingdom.  

They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.” (John 17:16). 

This is not because they pre-existed in a different world prior to birth, but because their source is in God.  Again this is figurative language, and the same Greek preposition “ek” shows up here as well. 




 All believers are said to be “of God”, “born from God”, “from the truth”, “from the light”, “born from above”, “born from the spirit”, and “not from the world”.

The wicked are likewise said to be “from beneath”, and “of the devil”, and “of the world”.

It is simply figurative language, and refers primarily to who a person follows after. The pre-existence of John is all according to the grand scheme.  Because God foreknows all, and knows his people beforehand, it is as if they existed beforehand, because they existed in the mind of God.  The same applies to the kingdom, which is why it was said:

Then the King will say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Matthew 25:34). 

Elsewhere Jesus does use language demonstrating a sending and returning,

for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me, and have believed that I came forth from God” (John 16:27). 

I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father” (John 16:28).   


The sending and returning are not to be understood in the exact same manner.  The same could be said of believers. The Scripture says that Jesus was foreknown by God, and says the same thing concerning believers.  This is simple language.  This should suffice to provide the foundation for our understanding.

He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you” (1 Peter 1:20, English Standard Version). 

For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren” (Romans 8:29

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September 7 2010 3 07 /09 /September /2010 19:20



Sauf précision, tous les passages tirés des Saintes Écritures sont extraits de la Version Ostervald révisée édition de 1996.


1. « Tu n’auras point d'autres dieux devant ma face » (Exode 20 : 3).


« car il est écrit: Tu adoreras le Seigneur ton Dieu, et tu le serviras lui seul » (Luc 4 : 8).


2. « Tu ne te feras point d'image taillée, ni aucune ressemblance des choses qui sont là-haut dans les cieux, ni ici-bas sur la terre, ni dans les eaux sous la terre » (Exode 20 : 4).


« Dieu est esprit, et il faut que ceux qui l’adorent, l’adorent en esprit et en vérité » (John 4 : 24).


3. « Tu ne prendras point le nom de l’Éternel ton Dieu en vain » (Exode 20 : 7).


« Mais moi je vous dis: Ne jurez point du tout, ni par le ciel, car c’est le trône de Dieu; Ni par la terre, car c’est le marchepied de ses pieds […] Mais que votre parole soit: Oui, oui, Non, non; ce qu’on dit de plus, vient du Malin » (Matthieu 5 : 34-35, 37).


4. « Souviens-toi du jour du repos pour le sanctifier » (Exode 20 : 8).


« Puis il leur dit: Le sabbat a été fait pour l’homme, non pas l’homme pour le sabbat. Ainsi le Fils de l’homme est maître même du sabbat » (Marc 2 : 27-28).


5. « Honore ton père et ta mère » (Exode 20 : 12).


« Car Dieu a donné ce commandement: Honore ton père et ta mère; et: Que celui qui maudira son père ou sa mère soit puni de mort » (Matthieu 15 : 4).


6. « Tu ne tueras point » (Exode 20 : 13).


« Mais moi je vous dis: Aimez vos ennemis, bénissez ceux qui vous maudissent; faites du bien à ceux qui vous haïssent, et priez pour ceux qui vous outragent et qui vous persécutent; Afin que vous soyez des enfants de votre Père qui est dans les cieux » (Matthieu 5 : 44-45).


7. « Tu ne commettras point adultère » (Exode 20 : 14).


« Mais moi je vous dis que quiconque regarde une femme pour la convoiter, a déjà commis un adultère avec elle dans son cœur » (Matthieu 5 : 28).


8. « Tu ne déroberas point » (Exode 20 :15).


« Car du dedans, c'est-à-dire, du cœur des hommes, sortent les mauvaises pensées […] les larcins […] Tous ces vices sortent du dedans et souillent l’homme » (Mark 7 : 21-23).


9. « Tu ne diras point de faux témoignage contre ton prochain » (Exode 20 : 16).

« L’homme de bien tire de bonnes choses du bon trésor de son cœur » (Luke 6 : 45).


« Car tu seras justifié par tes paroles, et par tes paroles tu seras condamné » (Matthieu 12 : 37).


10. « Tu ne convoiteras point » (Exode 20 : 17).


« Gardez-vous avec soin de l’avarice; car quoique les biens abondent à quelqu’un, il n’a pas la vie par ses biens » (Luc 12 : 15).

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September 7 2010 3 07 /09 /September /2010 01:16




Unless otherwise noted, all scripture quotations are from The New King James Version.


1. “You shall have no other gods before Me” (Exodus 20:3). 


“It is written, ‘You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve’” (Luke 4:8).


2. “You shall not make for yourself a carved image—any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth” (Exodus 20:4).


“God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth” (John 4:24).


3. “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain” (Exodus 20:7).


“But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35 nor by the earth, for it is His footstool […]let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one” (Matthew 5:34-35, 37).


4. “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8).


“The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27-28).


5. “Honor your father and your mother” (Exodus 20:12).


“For God commanded, saying, ‘Honor your father and your mother’; and, ‘He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death’” (Matthew 15:4).


6. You shall not murder” (Exodus 20:13).


“But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven” (Matthew 5:44-45).


7. “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14).


“But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart” (Matthew 5:28).


8. “You shall not steal” (Exodus 20:15).


“For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts […] thefts […] All these evil things come from within and defile a man” (Mark 7:21-23).


9. “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor” (Exodus 20:16).


“For out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks” (Luke 6:45).


“For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned” (Matthew 12:37).


10. “You shall not covet” (Exodus 20:17).


“Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses” (Luke 12:15).

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August 14 2010 7 14 /08 /August /2010 20:18



“I alone am left; and they seek to take my life”

 – 1 Kings 19:14.


     How often are God’s people under pressure to follow the crowd? How often do God’s people feel alone in the world who tries its utmost at getting everyone to change and sway at every different dogma, belief or scientific theory? (Proverbs 4:27) Many times, everyone at some time will feel the urge to do the age old saying: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” Many will do exactly as the Romans do when they know that they would never be able to do the same things in their home countries or in their own family. Democracy is an idea where the “majority rules” seems to hear to the “best” interests of all citizens. Nonetheless, how can one ensure the protection of minority citizens who do not have the “crowds” of people to ensure that their rights are also heard? In the West, the rights of minority groups are thankfully heard to prevent vigilante justice. Christians interested in promoting the truth of the real gospel have much for which to be thankful. Although Christians in Western countries can peacefully worship, many turn to what secular society has to offer: unlimited pleasure, an answer to all covetness and the idea that humanity as a whole can do all things without God because humans are evolving in a more “noble” people. This utopian idea still creeps into the human consciousness even today. Aldous Huxley after writing the novel Brave New World in 1932 believed like most utopians of his day that mankind would evolve into more “noble creatures.” However, one does not need to say that Nazi Germany came shortly afterwards to prove to the world how brutal humans were and still are. Can man be trusted to not again utterly brutalize another people? The Bible says that man cannot be trusted and one should never put their full faith in man:


Stop trusting in man, who has but a breath in his nostrils. Of what account is he?”

 – Isaiah 2:22(NIV).


“Do not put your trust in princes, Nor in a son of man, in whom there is no help”

 – Psalms 146:3.


Essentially, every professing Christian who truly believes in the word of God as a faithful guide to ones footstep in life will be faced with the daunting task: “I alone am left” and must stand against the thousand.


     To begin, the Bible’s words do not mean that one can never trust in man, but one’s trust must first and foremost be with God. Trust in Yahweh with all your heart, And lean not on your own understanding; In all your ways acknowledge Him, And He shall direct your paths” – Proverbs 3:5-6. If one places their first trust in God, one may not be as hurt or deceived by others who willing or unwilling do harm to oneself or others. One must be fully grounded in their faith in the one true God of the Bible in order to not be changed or tempted to change from one’s solid beliefs. If one’s faith and conviction does not come from the Bible, everyone will be submitted to a form of temptation (willing known or unwillingly known) that will cause any person to not follow entirely their once cherished beliefs. The deception allows one to slowly lie to themselves deceiving themselves and others. Nonetheless, the desire to satisfy the crowd is strong. One only needs to look at Mark 15:15 where Pilate released Barabbas a criminal to “satisfy the crowd.”  Isaiah describes how humans (particularly religious leaders) are more concerned with looking after themselves: “They (Israel’s Watchmen) are dogs with mighty appetites; they never have enough. They are shepherds who lack understanding; they all turn to their own way, each seeks his own gain” – Isaiah 56:11. It seems as if all that is needed is one who would turn many away from “the faith that was once delivered to the saints” – Jude 3. Everyone must always be on guard for even in Paul’s day the “mystery of lawlessness” was already at work – 2 Thessalonians 2:7. One must not forget that rebellion must come first and that the “son of destruction is one who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God” – 2 Thessalonians 2:6. Lucifer wants to be worshipped and he prefers anything that directs one’s attention away from Yahweh because only the true word of God can truly protect oneself from the trials of life.


     Nonetheless, how can one ignore how the lack of knowledge destroys? (Hosea 4:6) It can only lead to destruction and yet the bible wisely talks of how humans love to turn to their own ways (Isaiah 56:11). The bible describes well what has happened and will happen when humans ignore the words of the Bible. It is true that when humans have no guidance and choose rather to listen to leaders instead of what the words of  the Bible say,“everyone (does) did what was right in his own eyes”- Judges 17:6.  Is it good that everyone does as they “feel” to be right? Where are the limits? The truth is that there are no limits when man does what he feels to be right. The times of Judges was a terrible time and the Bible truly tells the truth as to how horrible people had become. Even today, as Paul had foretold: “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers” – 2 Timothy 4:3. How many churches and doctrines exist? Far too many, yet many prefer to hear a good word and not the truth and that is truly how many people prefer to remain: in ignorance. Man can never fully trust in himself to choose the right decision without God’s guidance in all things. It says: “There is a way that seems right to a man, But its end is the way of death” – Proverbs 16:25. Paul also says: “…we should not trust in ourselves but in God who raises the dead” – 2 Corinthians 1:9.


    How tempting it is to follow along with the crowd! A careful reading of the bible will say that God does not want His believers to follow the crowd. It says: “You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after many to pervert justice” – Exodus 23:2. Many assume in the Christian community that if there are more people following one way, it must right. But, remember God is not saying that believers should follow the crowd. The wisdom of the crowd mentality is exactly as Exodus says: that following the crowd will in fact pervert justice. God is a just God and He does not like the injustices in the world. It is easy to see why so many prefer to follow the crowd rather than follow the few who stand for justice. One reason why so many follow the “pack” is the fact that there is a sentiment of “safety” in numbers. The pack mentality offers security that is not always so easy to obtain when one is alone. They can offer food, clothing and a place to live. And yet, it is easy to see the pack mentality within Nazi Germany and its treatment of the Jewish people; justice had obviously been perverted. Nonetheless, following the crowd is easy and everyone is guilty of following the majority to some degree. Believers must look to Jesus’ words for answers as to whether one should follow the crowd:


“Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it”

 – Matthew 7:13.


 Jesus obviously says that the path that leads to life is a path that is very difficult. Jesus also says that many will take the broad path because it appears to be easy to follow. There are many examples of broad paths that lead to destruction. There may be people who belong to gangs who offer some form of easy escape from poverty and misery. The fact remains nonetheless that the average life expectancy of a male gang member is 19 to 20 years of age.[1] It is obvious that this path can lead one to destruction. And yet, can churches and leaders of the flock also lead its members down the path of destruction? There are many churches that profess to have the truth, but many churches prefer not mention the fact that they keep many unchristian symbols, holidays and doctrines that are not biblical founded. The fool that says in his heart: “There is no God” – Psalms 53:1 shows how “foolish” those who believe in the God of the Bible to be when believers continue to keep unbiblical rites. It makes a mockery of God. There are even some churches that say that the Bible is only a big book of stories and no one needs to worry about anything.[2] God in the book of Ezekiel denounces false prophets (or teachers and leaders) who choose to say “Peace, peace” when there is in fact no peace:


Thus says Yahweh GOD: “Woe to the foolish prophets, who follow their own spirit and have seen nothing! O Israel, your prophets are like foxes in the deserts… They have envisioned futility and false divination, saying, ‘Thus says Yahweh!’ But Yahweh has not sent them; yet they hope that the word may be confirmed. Have you not seen a futile vision, and have you not spoken false divination? You say, ‘Yahweh says,’ but I have not spoken.” Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Because you have spoken nonsense and envisioned lies, therefore I am indeed against you,” says the Lord GOD. “My hand will be against the prophets who envision futility and who divine lies…they shall not be in the assembly of My people, nor be written in the record of the house of Israel, nor shall they enter into the land of Israel. Then you shall know that I am the Lord GOD. “Because, indeed, because they have seduced My people, saying, ‘Peace!’ when there is no peace…

 - Ezekiel 13:3-10 (Jeremiah 6:14; 8:11)


One may say that gang membership and pagan idolatry in a church is nothing comparable. It is true that if someone chooses to worship a “statue” as “God” they are hurting no one other than themselves. Nonetheless, the worship of statues will hurt the children of idolaters because the children will be faced with the fact that their parents worship idols but that the words of God say to not worship idols. In fact, destruction is not always immediate and one could say that of Adam and Eve who when eating of the Tree of Knowledge did not in fact “die” right away, but many years later. Anyhow, Jesus said the path to life is a narrow path and few find it. Jesus also said:


Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.  Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’  And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’

 - Matthew 7:21-23.


The fact then remains that not everyone will enter the Kingdom of Heaven just because they happen to use the name of Jesus to do many things but have only added to the amount of lawlessness practiced in the world. The world is not something that believers should follow: “Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but is of the world. And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever” – 1 John 2:15-17. Essentially, the world is the majority who will try to seduce many believers into denying God through entire or partial denial of God’s commandments and truths. It is a mighty act to stand against the thousand, but “the people who know their God shall stand firm and take action” – Daniel 11:32. (ESV)


     There are many examples for believers to find encouragement in the Bible of those who chose to love their God will all of their hearts by clinging to His word. The prophet Elijah in 1 Kings 18 makes an extraordinary stand where he was in fact the only true prophet of Yahweh. Many were not following the one true God of Israel: imagine the pressure Elijah must have been feeling when he realized that he was alone standing against many who despised Yahweh’s truth. Elijah faced 450 prophets of Baal and 400 prophets of Asherah (not including the people of Israel) (1 Kings 18:19). Elijah challenged the 450 prophets of Baal to call upon their gods to burn up a bull sacrifice. Vainly, the prophets of Baal called upon their gods for an entire day pleading upon Baal to create a fire to burn up the bull. When Baal still did not answer, the false prophets started cutting themselves with knives in order for the blood to gush out from themselves and still, nothing happened. Elijah prepared the bull properly and asked for four pots of water to be poured on the bull and the firewood not just once but three times. Elijah prayed to Yahweh and immediately a fire ignited and consumed the burnt bull sacrifice. When the people saw this, they were obviously afraid and fell to the ground proclaiming: “Yahweh, He is God! Yahweh, He is God!” – 1 Kings 18:39. Although Elijah made a courageous stand against the prophets of Baal, he proceeded later on in 1 Kings 19 to run and hide because he was afraid that someone would try to kill him. One would think that after such an evident example of God’s power portrayed that Elijah would be thoroughly convinced. Nonetheless, God comforted Elijah when Elijah heard God’s still small voice at the cave:


“And behold, Yahweh passed by, and a great and strong wind tore into the mountains and broke the rocks in pieces before Yahweh, but Yahweh was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but Yahweh was not in the earthquake;  and after the earthquake a fire, but Yahweh was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice”

 – 1 Kings 19:11-12.


All believers can be encouraged knowing that even great men like Elijah feared for their lives but still took a courageous stand to not follow after other gods like everyone else.


     Another example of a man who stood up against the peer pressure to be like everyone else is Daniel. Daniel and his three friends Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-Nego were called into the service of Nebuchadnezzar. These men refused to eat of the king’s delicacies:


“But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself”

   – Daniel 1:8 (KJV).


These men chose not to eat the king’s food for various reasons that are not told. One can assume more than likely that the food was forbidden food based on Leviticus 11. It was also probably an “orgy-like” party which could possibly lead one to defiling oneself immorally and possibly saying something against Yahweh. The chief of the eunuchs did not want to do what Daniel and his friends were suggesting, nonetheless, the chief accepted. Daniel and his friends ate only vegetables and water for ten days to show that they were in fact appeared better and fatter than any of the other young men who ate of the king’s delicacies (Daniel 1:15). The fact of the matter is, that there were many young men called into the king’s service and many of these young men must have been also from Judah. Only four men chose not to eat of the king’s food. What an incredible stand! The peer pressure must have been strong and yet, Daniel and his friends chose to follow Yahweh and to not back down on Yahweh’s commandments.


     There are many other examples of God’s people standing up against many. There is Esther, a quiet woman, who stood up for her people when they were about to be exterminated (Esther 4:14). There is Nehemiah who stood up for the keeping of the Sabbath when everyone else defiled the Sabbath Day (Nehemiah 13:17). There is also, most importantly, Jesus who stood up against the religious authorities condemning them for their hypocrisy and transgressing the commandments because of their tradition (Matthew 15:3). One can never say that Jesus did not face temptation or say that Jesus did not have anxieties. Jesus did in fact face temptation (Hebrews 4:15) and Jesus prayed so hard that his sweat became like drops of blood (Luke 22:44). Jesus was a man who did indeed have anxieties and he gave us such a wonderful example of someone who went to God to be strengthened and comforted. It is very difficult in this world to be tempted to do as others do. Good examples are getting involved in pagan holidays and passing them off as Christian like Christmas and Easter. Each time anyone gets involved in these holidays, one denies God and the value of His wisdom. Anyone who wishes to keep all ten of God’s Commandments and not only nine will face resistance at some level from friends and family who may not have yet realized the whole truth of God’s Word. Those closest to us will try to pull even the most stubborn person away from God’s Word unless one is strong and truly understands what God has done for them. It is very easy to fall into the traditions of our fathers that lead away from God rather than towards God.

     As the salt and light of the world, we will face difficult times especially when it requires us to stand against the thousands who do not care to keep God’s commandments. How many times have we felt like we were alone? We have probably felt alone more than we would care for, but we have hope knowing that God is always there for us even in the valley of the shadow of death:


Be strong and of good courage; do not be afraid, nor be dismayed, for Yahweh your God is with you wherever you go”

 – Joshua 1:9.


“When you pass through the waters, I will be with you;

And through the rivers, they shall not overflow you.

When you walk through the fire, you shall not be burned,

Nor shall the flame scorch you”

 – Isaiah 43:2.


There are many leaders wishing to teach us the truth, but our ultimate example is Christ. Paul said: “For though you might have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet you do not have many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. Therefore I urge you, imitate me” – 1 Corinthians 4:15-16. Even during Paul’s day, Paul was constantly fighting those who would wish to led astray many. It was not easy for Paul either. We have to remember that we will be persecuted in some way, as Jesus said:


“If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you.”

 – John 15:18-21


Therefore, it should not come as a surprise when we face peer pressure to change our morals to suit the crowd. If we believe that Jesus is our King and Messiah, we will be persecuted either mentally, physically or psychologically to follow the crowd. The pull of the crowd is strong but Jesus is the only way, the truth and the life. The path Jesus laid for us toward the Father is the only way that will truly give us peace. “Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid” – John 14: 27-28. The fact is that we will never have true peace from the world and all that the world has to offer. The world will fail us somewhere and to whom can we turn other than God. Through Jesus, Yahweh has made his light shine to the world to be as a light to the Gentiles (Isaiah 49). If we place our trust in the world, we will have problems. If we place our trust in Yahweh and his Son Jesus, we will truly have peace: “In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world”- John 16:33. Even though our enemies may be all around us, God is near to us and will give us the strength to proclaim Yahweh to the ends of the earth (Psalms 91:7).


“I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people
           Who have set themselves against me all around” – Psalms 3:6.


All quotes are taken from the NKJV bible unless otherwise stated.



Bibliography: Sources of inspiration


Aust, Jerold. “Rise Above Peer Pressure.”




Kjos, Berit. “How to Resist the Pull of the Crowd.”

     http://www.crossroad.to/articles2/05/crowds-2.htm.  March 2005.


Kushner, Harold S. When Bad Things Happen to Good People. New York: Anchor

     Books, 1981.


Gang Violence in America. “Classroom Guide.”

     http://www.aetv.com/class/admin/study_guide/archives/aetv_guide.0075.html. 2007.


The Fight Against Gangs in America. “Educational Guide.”

     http://www.hopefs.org/Behavior/thefightagainstgangs.html. 2010.


United Church of Canada. “Overall Beliefs.”

     http://www.united-church.ca/beliefs/overview. March 2006.


Yahweh. The Holy Bible. Creation: “For a thousand years in Your sight Are like

     yesterday when it is past.” Psalms 90:4.  

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July 24 2010 7 24 /07 /July /2010 17:59

Hebrew Yahveh


Sauf précision, tous les passages tirés des Saintes Écritures sont extraits de la Version Ostervald révisée édition de 1996.


Proverbes 8:23

« J'ai [la sagesse] été établie depuis l'éternité, dès le commencement, dès l'origine de la terre »


Occasionnellement, un trinitaire utilisera ce verset pour tenter de défendre la Trinité et affirmer la préexistence de Christ, en avançant que « la sagesse » a été établie depuis l’éternité. Christ serait, selon cette perspective, la « sagesse de Dieu » (1 Corinthiens 1:24) et serait ainsi établi depuis l’éternité. L’usage de ce verset de cette manière n’est pas considéré comme valable même parmi les trinitaires, et cela pour de bonnes raisons. La sagesse dans les Proverbes fut « établie » par Dieu, et est ainsi subordonnée à Dieu. Une lecture attentive de ce verset, et du contexte dans lequel il est trouvé, montre que la sagesse fut « créée la première de ses [Dieu] œuvres » (verset 22, version Segond 1910). Si cette « sagesse » doit être Christ, alors Christ serait la première création de Dieu, ce qui est une doctrine défendue par les Ariens et considérée comme hérétique par les trinitaires orthodoxes. Ainsi, nombreux furent les Pères de l’Église qui rejetèrent ce verset comme ne pouvant être utilisé pour défendre la Trinité, parmi ceux-ci on peut compter des Pères de l’Église « d’importance » tel qu’Athanase, Basile, Grégoire 1er, Épiphane et Cyrille. En aucun cas ce passage n’aide à soutenir la doctrine trinitaire ou binitaire. Par ailleurs, se saisir d’un concept et en parler comme s’il s’agissait d’une personne, ceci est une figure de style que l’on appelle personnification. La personnification permet souvent de mieux saisir un concept ou une idée, puisque, étant des êtres humains, nous sommes plus facilement disposés à entrer en contact avec des êtres humains et à comprendre ce qui s’y rattache. L’usage de la personnification était commun parmi les Juifs et la sagesse de Dieu est ainsi personnifiée en Proverbes. Christ peut être considéré en Corinthiens comme étant la sagesse de Dieu, mais c’est en vertu de ce que Dieu a accompli au travers de lui.


Ésaïe 7:14

« C'est pourquoi le Seigneur lui-même vous donnera un signe: Voici, la vierge sera enceinte; elle enfantera un fils, et lui donnera le nom d'Emmanuel (Dieu avec nous). »


Certaines personnes croient que puisque Jésus devait être appelé « Emmanuel » (« Dieu avec nous »), alors il doit être Dieu incarné. Cela n’est pas le cas. Pour une explication complète sur ce sujet, veuillez vous référer à la note faite plus loin concernant Matthieu 1:23.


Ésaïe 9:5

« on l'appellera l'Admirable, le Conseiller, le Dieu fort, le Père d'éternité, le Prince de la paix » (version Ostervald)


« Il crie son nom: Merveilleux conseiller, héros d’Él, père pour toujours, prince de la paix » (version Chouraqui)


Les trinitaires eux-mêmes devraient admettre que ce verset est imparfaitement traduit, puisque Jésus n’est appelé « Père d'éternité » nulle part ailleurs dans les Écritures. De  fait, les trinitaires rejettent très justement l’idée selon lequel Jésus serait le « Père d'éternité ». Il est fondamental, selon la doctrine trinitaire, de ne pas « confondre les Personnes, ni diviser la substance » (Le Symbole d’Athanase). Ainsi, si ce verset est réellement traduit de façon correcte, les trinitaires se trouvent face à un réel problème d’interprétation. Toutefois, le mot qui fut rendu par « éternité » pourrait en fait être traduit par « âge » ou « siècle ». Une traduction correcte serait ainsi de dénommer Jésus « père de l’âge [à venir] », ou encore comme le fait la version Darby, « père du siècle ».


Dans la culture biblique et hébraïque, tous ceux qui étaient réellement important par ce dont ils étaient à l’ origine, étaient appelés « père » en référence à cela. Par exemple, Jabal, étant le premier à vivre sous une tente et à élever du bétail, est décrit dans la Bible comme le « père de ceux qui demeurent dans des tentes et près des troupeaux » (Genèse 4:20). De la même manière, puisque Jubal fut le premier inventeur d’instrument de musique, il est appelé « père de tous ceux qui jouent de la harpe et du chalumeau » (Genèse 4:21). Les Écritures n’utilisent pas dans ces versets le terme « père » au sens littéral de père ou d’ancêtre. On sait en effet que ces deux hommes étaient des descendants de Caïn et que leurs propres descendants moururent lors du déluge. « Père » est ici utilisé de manière figurée pour désigner un individu qui initia telle ou telle pratique et qui est par cela reconnu commme d’importance. Puisque le Messie devait être le premier, par sa résurrection d’entre les morts, à établir l’âge à venir et puisqu’il devait être fait Seigneur de cet âge à venir, il peut ainsi justement être appelé « père du siècle » (version Darby) ou de « de l’âge » à venir.


Le terme « Dieu fort » [el gibbor en hébreu] pourrait lui aussi bénéficié d’une autre traduction. Bien que le mot « Dieu » puisse être traduit dans la culture hébraïque d’autrement plus nombreuses façons qu’il ne peut l’être dans notre culture, le lecteur ordinaire ne comprend pas nécessairement cela ou n’en a pas conscience. Les lecteurs familiers avec les langues sémitiques savent qu’un homme agissant sous l’autorité de Dieu peut être appelé « dieu ». Bien que le français différencie clairement « Dieu » et « dieu », la langue hébraïque, n’utilisant que des lettres majuscules, ne permet pas une telle distinction. Une traduction plus juste de cette expression pourrait être « puissant héros », ou bien « héros divin ». Martin Luther et James Moffat ont tous les deux traduit cette expression par « héros divin » dans leurs propres versions de la Bible (Pour en connaître plus sur la flexibilité de l’usage du mot « Dieu », référez-vous aux notes concernant Hébreux 1:8).


Il existe, en Ézéchiel 31:11, un exemple clair de l’usage même du mot hébreu traduit par « Dieu » en Ésaïe 9:5. Cette fois, il sert à désigner un puissant dirigeant humain. Dans le cas d’Ézéchiel 33:11, le mot désigne le roi babylonien. Le parti pris trinitaire de la plupart des traducteurs de la Bible est évident si l’on compare Ésaïe 9:6 (el pour Dieu ») avec Ézéchiel 31:11 (el pour « puissant » ou « héros » dans la version Segond 1910). Si de désigner le Messie par le mot hébreu el fait de lui Dieu, alors le roi babylonien devrait également être considéré comme étant Dieu. Ésaïe parle dans ce passage du Messie de Dieu et le décrit comme un puissant dirigeant, et c’est ce qu’il était appelé à devenir à l’époque où fut écrit cette prophétie. La version martin 1744 ne s’y trompe pas puisqu’elle traduit cette expression par « Fort et puissant ». Notez bien que le passage dans cette version est pris dans son intégralité, le mot Dieu y apparaît en italique, signifiant qu’il s’agit de l’ajout d’un mot inexistant dans la manuscrit original par le traducteur. En effet, « Fort et puissant » est une traduction suffisante et juste de l’expression « el gibbor ».


Cette même expression est utilisée, sous sa forme plurielle, en Ézéchiel 32:21 pour désigner les « vaillants héros » qui sont décrits de manière métaphorique comme prenant la parole à partir du séjour des morts. Cette expression est traduite par « puissants héros » dans la version Segond 1910 et par les « forts d’entre les puissants » selon la version Darby. De la même façon, l’expression utilisé au singulier peut référer à un homme « fort d’entre les puissants », à un « puissant dirigeant » ou encore à un « puissant héros ».


Le contexte du passage permet d’offrir de nombreux éclairages sur ce verset. Il est également démontré, de par le contexte, qu’il n’y a nulle raison de voir en ce passage un argument en faveur de la Trinité. Il y est plutôt fait référence à un puissant dirigeant choisi par Dieu. Le verset qui introduit le chapitre prédit un temps où « la lumière a resplendi sur ceux qui habitaient le pays de l'ombre de la mort ». La guerre et la mort cesseront, et « [t]oute chaussure qu'on porte dans la mêlée, et le vêtement roulé dans le sang, seront brûlés et dévorés par les flammes » (verset 4). Comment cela adviendra-t-il donc? La lecture de la suite du chapitre nous donne de plus amples détails: « Car un enfant nous est né, un fils nous est donné » (verset 5). Il n’y a nulle allusion au fait que cette enfant puisse être « Dieu ». Les trinitaires affirment très justement que les Juifs de l’Ancien Testament ne savaient rien de l’ « incarnation ». Pour les Juifs, le Messie devait être un homme oint par Dieu. Il devait d’abord être un enfant, ce que Yahvé, leur Dieu éternel ne pouvait bien sûr jamais être. Cet homme devait grandir et devenir un dirigeant puissant: « l'empire est mis sur son épaule: on l'appellera l'Admirable, le Conseiller, Fort et puissant, le Père du siècle, le Prince de la paix ». Le Messie est appelé à régner sur le trône de David (verset 6), ce qui ne peut bien sûr pas être affirmé de Dieu. Dieu ne pourrait jamais s’asseoir sur le trône de David. Sa puissance va bien au-delà. Le Messie de Dieu, le « Fils de David » (Matthieu 9:27), peut, quant à lui, s’asseoir sur le trône de David. Une étude sérieuse de ce verset dans le contexte des Écritures démontre que nulle référence n’y est faite à la Trinité. Cela s’adresse bien plutôt au Messie, le Fils de David et le Fils de Dieu.


Pour terminer, nous noterons que certaines traductions juives contemporaines, notamment anglo-saxonnes, ont adopté une approche différente de celle des traditions chrétiennes traditionnelles. En effet, selon des commentaires juifs de ce passage d’Ésaïe, l’ensemble constitue un nom et non pas des titres qui s’appliqueraient au Messie. Selon ce même principe, la Bible – Nouvelle traduction, édité par un groupe de presse d’obédience catholique, traduit ce passage de la manière suivante : « Merveille-de-Conseil Dieu-Valeureux Père-Toujours Prince-de-Paix ». Selon ces traductions, le nom ne décrirait pas la personne qui le porte, mais plutôt le Dieu qu’adore cette personne. Ainsi, en Ésaïe 39:1, le nom du roi babylonien Mérodac-Baladan signifie « le dieu Marduk a pourvu un héritier ».

Cependant, et pour conclure, la traduction juive de la Bible en français la plus connue, la Bible du Rabbinat, corrobore l’analyse que nous avons fait auparavant de ce passage. Elle rend ce passage de la manière suivante:

« on l'a appelé Conseiller merveilleux, Héros divin, Père de la conquête, Prince de la Paix »


Une analyse similaire de ce passage est faite par l’érudit André Chouraqui, qui traduit ce passage ainsi:

« Oui, un enfant est enfanté pour nous, un fils nous est donné. Et c’est l’autorité sur son épaule. Il crie son nom: Merveilleux conseiller, héros d’Él, père pour toujours, prince de la paix ».


Ésaïe 43:11

« C’est moi, c'est moi qui suis l'Éternel, et il n'y a point de Sauveur que moi »


Pour d’amples explications sur l’usage du terme Sauveur dans la Bible, référez-vous aux notes en lien avec Luc 1:47.


Ésaïe 44:6

« Ainsi dit l'Éternel, le roi d'Israël et son Rédempteur, l'Éternel des armées: Je suis le premier et je suis le dernier, et il n'y a point d'autre Dieu que moi »


Voir les notes sur Apocalypse 1:17.

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July 11 2010 1 11 /07 /July /2010 15:23




‘My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge,’ I also will reject you from being priest for Me; Because you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children. – Hosea 4:6


‘Be still, and know that I am God;
         I will be exalted among the nations,
         I will be exalted in the earth!’
– Psalm 46:10


‘The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of wisdom,
      And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.’ –
Proverbs 9:10-11


     Today, it is easy to acquire knowledge at our fingertips in an instant. One can resolve many factual discrepancies in a matter of minutes through a quick Google search and of course through libraries, which have not yet become mundane. Even though anyone can easily get quick facts, many are destroyed through the very lack of knowledge of the one true God. Especially God’s people who lack the knowledge of who God is and what God wishes from us. Sadly, many of God’s people prefer to continue believing lies from their past ancestors that have been passed down through the generations. The bible tells the people of God to be very wary of trusting the traditions of our ancestors because: ’Surely our fathers have inherited lies, Worthlessness and unprofitable things.’ – Jeremiah 16:19 One has to ask oneself, Where does all of these traditions come from? Are they from the Bible? Or are many of our traditions come from our ancestor’s pagan past? Does God like it when one mixes pagan worship with the worship of the one true God, Yahweh? The truth about man’s traditions when mixed with the word of Yahweh is that it makes God look like He is incompetent, not real and definitely not trustworthy. Jesus said: ‘Thus you have made the commandment of God of no effect by your tradition.  Hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy about you, saying:

     ‘ These people draw near to Me with their mouth,
      And honor Me with their lips,
      But their heart is far from Me.
      And in vain they worship Me,
     Teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’
– Matthew 15:6-9


Believers in Jesus as the Son of Yahweh are called to shine like stars to a desperate world that is in need of the truth. Who are the people of God if they do not stand firm to the truth? If followers of Messiah do not stand firm to the truth of Yahweh, Jesus’ God and Father, then Christians are not good witnesses for Yahweh. The world is against God’s word and the world is definitely quick to point out the contradictions that the followers of Messiah do that the bible does not say to do. Followers of Jesus and Yahweh show themselves to be hypocrites, just as Jesus said in Matthew 15.


Is learning about the one true Creator a lack of knowledge and wisdom? It says: ‘The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding’ – Proverbs 9:10-11. All wisdom comes from Yahweh and it would be in ones best interest to understand and know this Awesome God. Yahweh created the heavens and the earth with wisdom. He created us in His infinite wisdom as bearers of His image. Nonetheless, when God says we shall not null, add nor subtract from His Word, God means what He says. God’s word when carried out in its entirety gives life to the believer, life to others and even to creation itself.


     Lack of knowledge of the one true God and what His Word actually says destroys the very people of God it was meant to protect. When traditions of men are added to the words of Yahweh, many people, Christians and non-christians alike, raise their level of mistrust for the truth of God’s existence and even His word itself. In the academic world, there cannot be contradictions in one’s thesis in order to gain the respect and trust of other scholars. Even though academic scholars cannot be compared to God, the truth is of utmost importance especially when we deal with Yahweh the Creator of the universe. To not follow what the word says truthfully brings distrust to Yahweh. Faith is nonetheless a hope that is not seen (Romans 8:24) and all believers must give up some form of human logic that our human mind cannot comprehend. The truth is found in the Bible because there is absolutely no known theory that can give anyone a lasting form of peace. Theories about our existence will always change, ‘but the word of our God stands forever" – Isaiah 40:8 and ‘For I am Yahweh, I do not change’ – Malachi 3:6. The people of God can find comfort knowing Yahweh will always be there.


    More and more people whom claim faith in Jesus become upset when they hear that many traditional practices are found in other ancient pagan religions. Some act on their love for the God of the Bible and others decide to ignore the facts. Anyhow, those who are not Christian will be very quick to point out the very similarities found between ancient pagan religions and the Bible. Certain festivals such as Christmas and Easter are extremely pagan in origin and have absolutely no place in the Bible. Other practices such as the speaking in tongues have its origins in very ancient pagan religions: Hinduism and Voodoo speak in tongues where the language is far from a language but a babbling nonsense. Paul preached for the ability to understand the language being said in 1 Corinthians 14: 9-11 and Isaiah 28: 8-9 talks of the need for God’s people to understand His words. Speaking in babbling nonsense is contradictory to God’s Word and it very much Satanic because those who follow this nonsense must go into a trace like state and let got of all self-control to a spirit. The Bible also gives us a warning:’ do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world’ – 1 John 4:1. Anyhow, any sincere believer in Yahweh and Jesus must ask themselves these very important questions: can the Bible be reliable if so much of church practice is pagan in origin? Is the Bible real? Is God real? Those who are ignorant of the truth will either lose all faith in the God of the Bible or they will decide to ignore the facts and continue to be poor witnesses to the truth of Yahweh and the testimony of Jesus Christ. In either case, the people are destroyed for lack of knowledge of the one and only Most High God.


    The Bible says that Yahweh does not accept the mixing of pagan religion with the God of Israel. Believers are called to not add nor subtract from His Word: ‘Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take from it’ -Deuteronomy 12:32. Throughout Israel’s History, the Israelites have proven that God will destroy those who mix paganism with the worship of Yahweh. Since God does not change, why would God now accept paganism in His Church? It says:

      ‘Do not learn the way of the Gentiles;
      Do not be dismayed at the signs of heaven,
      For the Gentiles are dismayed at them.
       For the customs of the peoples are futile;
      For one cuts a tree from the forest,
      The work of the hands of the workman, with the ax.
      They decorate it with silver and gold;
      They fasten it with nails and hammers
      So that it will not topple.’
Jeremiah 10:2-4


    This passage can quite easily fit the modern day Christmas tree. God says to not learn of the way of the Gentiles or pagans. Those who believe in God’s word must take heed to these words for God is a jealous God: ‘for you shall worship no other god, for Yahweh, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God’ – Exodus 34:14. When the word of God is followed in it’s entirety, Yahweh can give a lasting peace to all believers, however, the facts are evident. It does not take much to look at how Christmas can destroy families financially and sheds light on the fact that many families divorce during or immediately after the Christmas season. There are even suicides connected to the financial burden that Christmas toils out on believers. When true believers focus their trust in Yahweh and the work of His Son, believers can take the following passage to heart: ‘Come to me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.  For my yoke is easy and my burden is light’- Matthew 11:28-30. God does not want us to be burdened down by the world and the pagan philosophies that go with it. Truly lack of knowledge, destroys the people of God: ‘Also it is not good for a soul to be without knowledge, And he sins who hastens with his feet’ – Proverbs 19:2.


    Another phenomenon that is sweeping many Christians and non-christians away is the desire to place tattoos on the body. When the summer sun comes one can immediately see the lusts of the flesh that war against the soul (Galatians 5:17). Tattoos no matter how one looks at it are contrary to God’s Word. God delights in mankind for it says: ‘And my delight was with the sons of men’ – Proverbs 8:31. It also says that we are fearfully and wonderfully made: ‘I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Marvelous are Your works, And that my soul knows very well’ – Psalms 139:14. What wonderful words! However, many Christians refuse to take heed to God’s commandment to not make idols to oneself (Exodus 20:4-7) and tattoos are a form of self-gratification and worship of oneself. God’s word says not to make marks in the flesh: ‘You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor tattoo any marks on you: I am Yahweh’ – Leviticus 19:28. Even though it is apparently clear that believers in the God of Israel are not to make tattoos, many do so anyway. Many wish to desecrate their wonderfully made bodies with man-made flesh marks. A God who has ‘inscribed’ all humans on the palms of His hands as cherished created beings, does not wish that believers place marks on their bodies. (Yet I will not forget you. See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands... – Isaiah 49:16.)


    When tattoos are placed on the flesh, even the most intentionally sincere person wishes to show off to others who they are through symbols. The desire to be tattooed turns into an addiction because how can an image truly show who one is as a person. Many who receive one tattoo wish to have another tattoo because the original image was not exactly what they wanted. People change and their eyes are never satisfied as it says in proverbs 27:20. The true desires of the heart must always be on guard because the true desire of oneself comes from the heart (Proverbs 4:23; Mark 7:20-23). As believers in Messiah Jesus and Jesus’ God Yahweh, believers are called to a higher standard. As Paul states: ‘do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own,  for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body’ – 1 Corinthians 6: 19-20. (1 Corinthians 3:16). Everyone’s body is not their own and when one is reborn, the Holy Spirit of God indwells fully. Tattoos are the worship of self and all humility is thrown out the window. Believers are called to be Holy: as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts, as in your ignorance; but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy’ – 1 Peter 1: 14-16. Truly, lack of knowledge destroys and it destroys a believers capacity to stand firm for Yahweh’s truth and one’s capacity to truthfully witness for Yahweh and His Son Jesus.


    The church for centuries has claimed that the dietary laws had been abolished based on misunderstandings of certain New Testament scriptures that will not be discussed at this time. The fact is that God has never abolished the dietary laws; they are still in effect today for all who call upon Yahweh and follow His Son Jesus. Noah kept the dietary laws in the ark when he took seven of every clean male and female animal and two of each of the unclean animals (Genesis 7:2). After the flood, Noah made sacrifices to Yahweh of clean animals and not of unclean animals (Genesis 8:20). The significance of Noah is the fact that he followed the law of the clean and unclean animals (Leviticus 11) before the giving of the official Decalogue (Ten Commandments) and Covenant (Ceremonial Requirements of the law) with the Hebrews on Mount Sinai with Moses. Noah followed the laws prior to Moses, which is very significant because Noah was not necessarily a Hebrew who had covenant status as one of the chosen people of God. One could say that Noah was a Gentile. Now, when one considers the reasons behind why God would say some animals are clean and others are not clean is understandable for the most part. Most animals that God considers to be unclean are animals that clean up the garbage. These animals are extremely important for cleaning up God’s creation, but they also as a result, carry the most diseases and pollution. God loves His people and He cares that everyone lives long healthy and fulfilled lives because God knows that those who truly worship Him will not be able to give God praise when they are dead. ‘For in death there is no remembrance of you; in Sheol who will give you praise?’ Psalm 6:5. God’s people must stand fast to the truth of God’s Word and stop making excuses. Jesus did not come to create a whole new religion, for Jesus said that he did not come to abolish anything: "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven – Matthew 5:17-19. Believers must hold fast to what is good and test all things (1 Thessalonians 5:21). Believers must be separated from the world:

      Come out from among them
      And be separate, says the Lord.
      Do not touch what is unclean,
      And I will receive you. – 2 Corinthians 6:17

    Jesus Christ is our firm foundation on solid rock (1 Corinthians 3:11). If our foundation is not on God’s word, the ravenous wolves of the world will slaughter the Jesus’ lambs (Matthew 10:16).


    Lack of knowledge in the One true God Yahweh lead to the destruction of Israel as they were taken into captivity in Babylon. The Israelites continued to worship idols and mixed Yahweh with paganism. As a result, the Israelites went into captivity in Babylon: ‘Therefore my people have gone into captivity, Because they have no knowledge’ - Isaiah 5:13. Yahweh does not want believers to be ignorant and He wants His believers to learn and comprehend what past ancestors believed as well. ‘For inquire, please, of the former age, And consider the things discovered by their fathers; For we were born yesterday, and know nothing, Because our days on earth are a shadow’ – Job 8:8-9.

    This does not mean that one can add or subtract to Yahweh’s commands, but Yahweh desires that all believers become knowledgeable of Him and His truth because ‘lack of knowledge destroys.’ Yahweh wants believers to understand the past in order to understand fully that there is only one true God and one lord. If one is knowledgeable of the past, one can fully serve Yahweh as it says: ‘It is Yahweh your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear’ – Deuteronomy 6:13.


     Yahweh is said to be invisible and that no man has ever seen Him. (John 1:18; 5:37; 1 John 4:12; John 14:9; Colossians 1:15; Exodus 33:20). Is it possible through our propensity to sin to be able to understand and know this God who is ultimately in control?

      ‘It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,
      And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,
      Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain,
      And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
       He brings the princes to nothing;
      He makes the judges of the earth useless.’
– Isaiah 40:22-23

    God has nonetheless made Himself known and He will be made known throughout all the earth. We are so small compared to Yahweh because we are as grass, but the word of our God stands forever! – Isaiah 40:6-8. Yahweh calls the generations to Him because He is truly the ‘existing one’ the I AM.


      Who has performed and done it,
      Calling the generations from the beginning?
      ‘ I, Yahweh, am the first;
      And with the last I am He.’”
– Isaiah 41:4


    When we all die, God continues because He is the existing One that can never die. He calls us out of the shadows and into the light. God has made Himself known to us believers by various means: ‘At many moments in the past and by many means, God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets; but in our time, the final days, he has spoken to us in the person of his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things and through whom he made the ages’ – Hebrews 1:1-2.


He made known His ways to Moses,
         His acts to the children of Israel
–  Psalm 103:7.


The secret things belong to Yahweh our God, but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law

– Deuteronomy 29:29.


    Through the sacrifice of God’s Son, all us lowly grasshoppers can draw near to God through Jesus’ mediation on our behalf for our sins. We have been reconciled now to God in order to have life (2 Corinthians 5:18). Christ is the image of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15). Through Christ, we all can learn and understand more fully than ever before what was truly God’s plan from the beginning of time. Christ is not God but Christ made God known to us who are in our sins. ‘For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved’ – John 3:17. Jesus ‘is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent” – John 6:29.


    Our sins had truly separated us from God:

 But your iniquities have separated you from your God;

And your sins have hidden His face from you,

So that He will not hear – Isaiah 59:2.

    Mankind desperately needed God’s true light to be shone which was accomplished through Jesus. Jesus magnified God’s true light and showed us how to worship God in Spirit and in Truth and as a result we are called to follow Christ’s example and walk in Christ’s footsteps (1 Peter 2:21). Christ’s example allows believers to not become further separated from God. As we follow Christ’s example, we learn more about Yahweh and His desires for us. The more we learn and grow in the knowledge of the truth, the more we realize how a lack of knowledge of Yahweh’s truth destroys. Through the strengthening of God’s holy spirit, we are called to expose the darkness (Ephesians 5:11). We can now walk as children of the light (Ephesians 5:8) and adopted through Jesus to be ‘sons’ of God (Ephesians 1:5). As we kneel for the Father, the God of Jesus, let us remember to stand fast to the truth and test all things (2 Thessalonians 5:21) so that we will not be destroyed for lack of knowledge of the only true God and Jesus Christ whom God has sent (John 17:3).

We must:

      Remember the former things of old,
      For I am God, and there is no other;
      I am God, and there is none like Me, -  
Isaiah 46:9


     May Yahweh bless you through Messiah Jesus in all your endeavors to know Yahweh and the lord Jesus Christ. May we:

     Talk no more so very proudly;
      Let no arrogance come from your mouth,
      For Yahweh is the God of knowledge;

      And by Him actions are weighed. – 1 Samuel 2:3



For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries. - Hebrews 10:27-28



18 Pride goes before destruction,
      And a haughty spirit before a fall. -
Proverbs 16:18


5 Everyone proud in heart is an abomination to Yahweh;
      Though they join forces, none will go unpunished.
Proverbs 16:5



3 The fear of the LORD is to hate evil;
      Pride and arrogance and the evil way
      And the perverse mouth I hate.
- Proverbs 8:13


Watch over your heart with all diligence,
         For from it flow the springs of life.
- Proverbs 4:23


Also it is not good for a soul to be without knowledge,
      And he sins who hastens with his feet.
- Proverbs 19:2


My son, if you receive my words,
      And treasure my commands within you,
       2 So that you incline your ear to wisdom,
      And apply your heart to understanding;
       3 Yes, if you cry out for discernment,
      And lift up your voice for understanding,
       4 If you seek her as silver,
      And search for her as for hidden treasures;
       5 Then you will understand the fear of the LORD,
      And find the knowledge of God.
- Proverbs 2:1-5


But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him. - Hebrew 11:6


22 “ For My people are foolish,
      They have not known Me.

      They are silly children,
      And they have no understanding.
      They are wise to do evil,
      But to do good they have no knowledge.”
- Jeremiah 4:22


Seek the LORD while He may be found,
      Call upon Him while He is near.
- Isaiah 55:6


He made known His ways to Moses,
         His acts to the children of Israel.
- Psalm 103:7


29 “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law. - Deuteronomy 29:29


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